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	Social Policies and Citizenship

Social Policies and Citizenship

The Changing Landscape

Anne-Marie Guillemard , Aldabert Evers
Oxford University Press, 2012,  416 p.
prix : 79,99 dollars

In both Europe and America, the landscape of social policies has undergone fundamental changes in recent decades, especially in endeavors to develop new welfare arrangements. How does this affect citizenship-at-large as defined by the Marshallian triad of personal, democratic, and social rights? Taking nine European countries as case studies, the contributions analyze the ways that citizenship has changed in key areas such as social security, labor market policies, and social services. Other chapters concentrate on the theoretical and conceptual challenges that result from the interrelation of changing social policies with different notions of citizenship. Trends in welfare reform have become harder to interpret. They are no longer about simple reductions in social services and entitlements, or a decline in social citizenship; the terms of debate have shifted. In a postindustrial world, individuals are afforded more mobility, autonomy, and responsibility. Security is being reexamined in light of the new risks stemming from a worldwide knowledge-based economy. Behind the diversity of changes there is a unified agenda taking shape, characterized with concepts like activation, social investments, concerns with inclusion, and the strengthening of links between rights and responsibilities. The contributions in this volume represent an insightful look at the debate between the determination to curb social spending and a new model of an activist state ready to make social investments.

 

Table of Contents

Part I. General1. Introduction: Marshall's Concept of Citizenship and Contemporary Welfare Reconfiguration Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard 2. Towards a Post-Marshallian Framework for the Analysis of Social Citizenship Håkan Johansson and Björn Hvinden 3. Changing Perspectives on Social Citizenship: A Cross-time Comparison Jane Jenson 4. Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obligations Neil Gilbert 5. To What Extent Can the European Union Deliver "Social Citizenship" to Its Citizens? Jean-Claude BarbierPart II. Country Cases: Western Europe6. Social Citizenship in New Labour's New "Active" Welfare State: The Case of the United Kingdom Ruth Lister 7. Changes in Social Citizenship in France in a Comparative Perspective: "Activation Strategies" and Their Traces Jean-Claude Barbier 8. Italy: A Territorial and Generational Divide in Social Citizenship Valeria Fargion 9. A Fuzzy Picture. Social Citizenship in Post-corporatist Germany Ingo Bode 10. The Iron Law of Rights: Citizenship and Individual Empowerment in Modern Sweden Lars Trägårdh and Lars SvedbergPart III. Country Cases: Eastern Europe11. The Policy of Activation in the Czech Republic and Citizenship Rights Tomás Sirovátka 12. Fragmented Social Rights in Hungary's Post-communist Welfare State Julia Szalaï 13. The Two Decades of Social Policy in Poland: From Protection to Activation of Citizens Marek Rymsza 14. Discourses on Social Rights in the Czech Republic Martin PotucekPart IV. Conclusions15. Reconfiguring Welfare and Reshaping Citizenship Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard

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